Calcium Chloride

Calcium chloride is known to be a white, odorless and crystalline solid compound which is highly soluble in water. This substance is a colorless liquid and also comes in the form of white granules, powder or flakes. Commonly considered to be a type of salt, calcium chloride is hygroscopic in nature, meaning it can attract as well as absorb the molecules of water from its surroundings. This compound possesses a number of applications, the same can lead to a potential health damaged if it isn’t handled properly.


Formula and Structure:

Calcium chloride is mostly comprised of calcium and chlorine and occurs naturally in the sea. The chemical formula of Calcium Chloride is CaCl2 and its molar mass is 110.983 g/mol. This compound comprises of the calcium cation (Ca2+) as well as two chlorine anions (Cl) eventually forming an ionic bond with two chlorine atoms.


Common uses of Calcium Chloride:

Calcium Chloride is taken into use in a wide range of industries. This material is mostly used in the making of road de-icing agents as well as brine. Apart from this, there are various other common applications and uses of calcium chloride. Following listed are a few of them:

  1. Calcium chloride is used in dust control.
  2. Calcium chloride is used in desiccation.
  3. Calcium chloride is taken into use while handling the salt-based dehumidifiers.
  4. Calcium chloride calcifies the aquarium water.
  5. Calcium chloride helps to increase the hardness of water in the swimming pools.
  6. Calcium chloride is a popular food additive.


Medical uses of Calcium Chloride:

An intravenous form of calcium chloride is considered to be an effective medical remedy. This could treat low blood calcium or hypocalcaemia in the body which is usually done by the way of increasing the levels of calcium in the body. At the same time, this compound treats high blood levels of potassium, hyperkalemia etc. in the body by the way of normalizing the voltage of the cells.


Risks and health hazards involved with Calcium Chloride:

Usually, calcium chloride is not considered to be toxic in normal amounts and this is the same reason it is being used in a number of foods. However, the main hazard of this compound is due to its drying or desiccating property and exothermic reaction which occurs when it is dissolved in the water. When this solid comes in contact with the eyes or skin, it could lead to mild burns and severe irritation. Calcium chloride if swallowed in large amounts can also results in vomiting, nausea and abdominal pain.


Safety and Handling of Calcium Chloride:

It is strictly suggested to protect yourself from all kinds of potential hazards while handling this compound at your workplace. Wear a synthetic apron, safety glasses and gloves during all the time you are in contact with this compound. In case of exposure to the compound, following first aid guidelines should be taken in action:

  • Seek fresh air along with an immediate medical attention.
  • Remove your contact lenses and wash eyes with plenty of water for 15 minutes in order to prevent any sort of damage.
  • Do not induce vomiting nor give anything by mouth to a person who is in an unconscious state. In all forms, it is strictly required to seek medical attention at the earliest.

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