|· What are the applications of Liquid Calcium Chloride?
Calcium chloride in the liquid form is used for the purpose of maintaining the dirt and gravel of roads as well as for de-icing on unpaved and paved surfaces. It tends to absorb moisture from the air and has a tendency to turn into liquid, by dissolving the moisture from the air. Due to its hygroscopic nature, it exhibits retention of moisture that is present in the soil, thus eking it out as suitable for binding dust on dirt or gravel roads.
Unpaved surfaces can be treated with liquid calcium chloride when they are compacted and cured, to form a smooth and solid riding surface, thus reducing the displacement of dust.
Thus, liquid calcium chloride is quite effective as an anti-icing agent. It is advantageous in temperatures that fall lows to 25 degree Celsius. In the winter maintenance program, the use of liquid calcium chloride is quite effective to avoid conditions of low friction.
· What are the hazardous effects, in case of liquid calcium chloride?
Liquid calcium chloride has been proven to be non-toxic. No such adverse effects are seen on the health by normal use of the product. However, if it comes in contact with the eye, it can be a low irritant. The exposure might lead to mild irritation in the eye, and cause redness. Inhalation of the said chemical may lead to irritation in the nose and throat plus the upper respiratory tract.
Contact with the skin is non-irritating in the start; however, prolonged contact with the material may result in skin burns and irritation. According to the DOT guidelines, liquid calcium chloride is not corrosive to the skin. However, if the skin is damp, then it may lead to a severe response. The same would be the case if the skin is abraded with cuts and scratches. Severe responses could be noted on covered skin that is gloves or clothing, etc.
· What are the first aid measures to be taken in case of liquid Calcium Chloride?
In case of inhalation of the chemical, seek immediate medical care and shift the person to fresh air or ventilation. First Aid for skin would include washing the area that is affected by water and soap. If irritation persists, one should seek medical attention.
Carry out first aid of the eyes by rinsing them with a lot of water, and remove any lenses if present. If irritation develops further then seek the help of a doctor.
If swallowed, rinse the mouth several times, and contact a physician if further discomfort is noted. Do not indulge in the mouth to mouth resuscitation. If small amounts are swallowed, then it is not that severe, however, intake of a large amount would cause injury as well as ulceration and gastrointestinal irritation.