Calcium Chloride is a white crystalline salt that is odorless and appears in the form of pellets. It possesses a melting point of about 772 degrees Celsius. It is quite soluble in water, and its boiling point is measured to be 160 degree Celsius.
What are the storage measures one should take for Calcium Chloride?
One should use it with adequate provision of fresh air and minimize the dust accumulation it is exposed to. The container of the material should be closed tightly, so as to not let it get in the eyes or on the skin. Do not inhale or ingest the contents of the container. Wash the clothing before reusing it. Ensure to use cool water always when dissolving Calcium Chloride.
Store the crystalline salt in a tightly closed container. Store it in a dry, cool and ventilated area. Store it below the melting point away from moisture.
What are the hazardous health effects caused by Calcium Chloride?
This rock salt is used as a drying agent and is used for the purpose of de-icing roads. However, if it comes in contact with us a whole load of health hazards could arise such as eye burns. Exposure to the eyes could cause something as severe as corneal injury as well as irritation. If the skin comes in contact with strong solutions or solids, then it may cause irritations or burns on moist skin, whereas dry skin could experience mild irritations. If absorbed into the skin, calcium chloride could prove to be toxic.
Consumption of this salt into the body may cause vomiting, nausea, possible burns. It may also lead to cardiac disturbances, in a severe case, it may be the cause of rapid respiration, seizures, slow heartbeat or even death. Inhalation of the rock salt cause irritation in the upper respiratory tract along with pain, it will cause inflammation, and burns.
What first aid measures should be taken?
In case of contact with the eyes, one should immediately flush the eyes with water for a good 15 minutes. For skin contact, one should get medical aid, and follow the same instructions given as eyes. In case of ingestion, if the victim is alert and conscious offer 2-4 cups of water or milk.
For inhalation, one should remove from the exposure and shift to fresh air at once. If there is difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Do not perform mouth to mouth resuscitation.
What are the protection measures to be taken in case of Calcium Chloride?
Safety glasses should be used without the side shields. If possible one should use goggles for chemical workers. In case of respiratory protection, one should use dust respirators that are approved if needed. Protective clothing should be used and one should cover their body well with clean clothing. Based on the level of exposure, one can wear boots, an apron, gloves, etc. Clothes or shoes made out of leather aren’t recommended as it is easily damaged through calcium chloride.